Cappuccino, Macchiato, or Latte? The Basic Forms of Coffee to Know

two white cups and a coffee machine
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Having an excellent plastic measuring jug from NZ or other areas is not the only thing you must have if you ever want to establish a coffee shop that specializes in localized espresso. Besides having sturdy, high-power espresso machines, you need more than enough ground coffee beans, different kinds of milk, a foam machine. You should also have packs of special sugar for diabetics and a variety of syrups for the sweeter drinks. You should supply the shop with paper straws for ecological reasons, coffee table books, and ceramics. It should have a relaxed and cozy ambience complete with calming music in the background and even geometrical shapes in the architecture and interior design to tease the eye.

But before you can proceed, you might want to know the different types of coffee. Coffee types are usually categorized based on the amount of their foam, milk, and base coffee (espresso) content. Syrups, like mocha and caramel, are add-ons. Here are the most popular types:


Cappuccino has equal parts of foam, milk, and espresso in that order. The foam topping makes it distinct, and since it is one-third of the whole drink, you would get a frothy ride. The good thing is that after the foam, you get the flavor. The aftertaste is strong to contrast with the foamy introduction to the drink. Unless you stir the whole cup, and the experience wouldn’t be quite the same. This type of coffee is ideal for milk lovers who do not want a strong kind of coffee that keeps them awake all night.


macchiato in a white cup

Macchiato, on the other hand, has no foam, a lot of milk, and an even thicker espresso base. However, this does not mean that the milk can barely be tasted. Instead, it makes for a milky treat that would also keep you awake. This drink is ideal for both milk lovers and coffee aficionados. The taste of coffee is ever-present but is even more wonderful if stirred with its milk content. The result is a delightful mixture of the strong and the sweet. A popular variation of the macchiato is the caramel macchiato, which has the standard milk and espresso but with a layer of caramel on top.


Latte is similar to a cappuccino in the sense that you get a foamy introduction, then taste the milk, before getting to the coffee base. But it is quite tricky to make. There should be more espresso than milk and more milk than foam. But the foam has to stay foamy enough for the barista to get creative with the design. The foam to milk to espresso ration is ideal for this.

Now that you know the differences between the basic types of coffee, you can start with the planning. Be careful when measuring because you do not want your cappuccino to turn into a latte or vice versa. However, you can get creative with each drink you make. For instance, you can add whipped cream and mocha sprinkles to latte or caramel toppings with your macchiato. Get inspiration from other coffee shops. Then make your own that’ll contribute to your shop being known.

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